Last edited by Nir
Sunday, February 9, 2020 | History

6 edition of What should be computed to understand and model brain function? found in the catalog.

What should be computed to understand and model brain function?

from robotics, soft computing, biology and neuroscience to cognitive philosophy

by

  • 94 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by ill. in xii, 309 p .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Soft computing.,
  • Artificial intelligence.,
  • Neural networks (Computer science),
  • Brain -- Mathematical models.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementeditor, Tadashi Kitamura.
    SeriesFLSI soft computing series ;, v. 3
    ContributionsKitamura, Tadashi, 1947-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQA76.9.S63 W48 2001
    The Physical Object
    PaginationSingapore ; River Edge, NJ :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3965930M
    ISBN 109810245181
    LC Control Number2001270901
    OCLC/WorldCa47229016

    This could be fed into theoretical network research, which has the potential to account for a variety of observations and provide an integrated functional explanation. Typical strategies when it comes to common neurological and psychiatric diseases are to identify one type of receptor in the brain that can be targeted with drugs to solve the whole problem. A neuroscientist who finds a correlation between a neuron or brain region and a specific but in principle arbitrary physical parameter, such as pain, will be tempted to draw the conclusion that this neuron or this part of the brain controls pain. Grethe, Academic Press, pp. Scholarpedia, 2 6 Such a decomposition is structural to the extent that the subsystems can be mapped onto physical substructures of a physical structure embodying the overall system.

    Yet, as a newborn brain, the Deep Blue Brain might not know what to do with its potential. Scholarpedia, 2 3 The geometry preparation toolkit introduced in the paper simplifies recreation of neuronal morphology for the researcher. Making computers think like humans But the question remains, how are scientists going to build such a brain? In order to answer that question, we need to know how the brain is built in nature.

    The neurons moved more frequently but less efficiently. In some patients, contrast agents may cause allergic reactions, or in rare cases, temporary kidney failure. Similarly, epilepsy is today widely seen as a single disease and is treated with anticonvulsant drugswhich work by dampening the activity of all neurons. Contradictions — Experimental data or simulation results with alternative models may contradict the model.


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What should be computed to understand and model brain function? Download PDF Ebook

I picked this book up at the media center in the beginning of February and had to renew it twice, it is a very large and lengthy book. However, What should be computed to understand and model brain function? book has only recently advanced to the point where we can really understand brain function down to the molecular level.

For example, knowing that there is an inhibitory connection from substantia nigra pars reticulata SNr to superior colliculus SCa modeler might specify an inhibitory projection from neurons in the module representing SNr to the module representing SC.

New methods of collecting enormous amounts of data from individual brains have recently been developed. Scholarpedia, 2 12 Connect the dots: A representation of a mammalian neocortical column, the basic building block of the cortex. The second toolkit, the visualization toolkit, allows researchers to directly visualize STEPS simulations of those reconstructed morphologies in real time, both graphically and numerically, a capability that was not available in the STEPS program before.

Dominey, P. However, the risk of developing cancer from radiation exposure is generally small. Figure 2. Such a decomposition succeeds insofar as we can understand What should be computed to understand and model brain function?

book relation between the inputs and outputs of each individual subsystem, and insofar as the interactions between the subsystems can be explained via suitable connections between various of their inputs and outputs, without further analysis of variables internal to the subsystems.

The brain is especially vulnerable during this building process. Computing is, therefore, integral to the development of new technologies for interacting with the brain. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

The hierarchy of brain structure starting from a single neuron that contains ion channels. One day, it may well be routine to treat people with simple, minimally-invasive devices that can monitor and influence the brain to help alleviate conditions that are currently so intractable.

In fact, such a theory should help us design experiments, rather than only the other way around. A CT scan of the heart may be ordered when various types of heart disease or abnormalities are suspected. This is to say that any electrical signals put into the computer should have exactly the same output as that of the actual neuron they are mimicking.

This has led many neuroscientists to look for structures intermediate in size and complexity between brain regions and neurons to provide stepping stones in an analysis of how neural structures subserve various functions.

For example, to examine the circulatory system, a contrast agent based on iodine is injected into the bloodstream to help illuminate blood vessels. CT can also be used to image the head in order to locate injuries, tumors, clots leading to stroke, hemorrhage, and other conditions.

Ted Carnevale Neuron simulation environment. Current technologies are expensive — there are major financial resources as well as national and international prestige invested in them.

The work of the nineteenth century neurologists led us to think of the brain in terms of large interacting regions each with a more or less specified function, and this localization was reinforced by the work of the anatomists at the end of the 19th century who were able to subdivide the cerebral cortex on the basis of cytoarchitectonics.

The neurons moved more frequently but less efficiently. In this breast CT scanner, a woman lies prone in a specially designed large table with her breast suspended in a special opening in the scanning bed.

A Working Brain Model

When a full slice is completed, the image is stored and the motorized bed is moved forward incrementally into the gantry. This process continues until the desired number of slices is collected. The problem can be illustrated by a recent study which found that the psychedelic drug LSD can disrupt the modular organisation that can explain vision.

The two types of spheroids fused together when placed near each other, simulating the stage of development when neurons begin migrating from deep regions of the forebrain toward the cerebral cortex.

But what if we instead considered the possibility that all brain functions are distributed across the brain and that all parts of the brain contribute to all functions?

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 18 May. Man-Machine Studies 1: Not only could it be the key to understanding some of the biggest mysteries known to science — such as consciousness — it could also help treat a huge range of debilitating and costly health problems.Computational Models of the Brain.

A. Neuron-Glia Networks: Integral Gear of Brain Function the neurons should follow a specific behavioral model, and 2) stochastic spiking should be. Researchers created a 3-D model of the interactions between developing brain regions—in a dish. Using the model, the team looked at how mutations that cause Timothy syndrome affect brain development and discovered a defect in how neurons migrate between regions.

The results suggest a way to study personalized brain development and disease.

The Brain Book: Development, Function, Disorder, Health

What Should be Computed to Understand and Model Brain Function? From Robotics, Soft Computing, Biology and Neuroscience to Cognitive Philosophy [Tadashi Kitamura] on galisend.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

This volume is a guide to two types of transcendence of academic borders which seem necessary for understanding and modelling brain function.Pdf main argument in this book is the undeniable openness of every system to the unknown.

And the fundamental question goes: What does this openness produce? Volition and the Function of Consciousness. What Should Be Computed to Understand and Model Brain Function? T. Kitamura (ed.) - - World Scientific.Mar 16,  · The brain: a radical rethink is needed to understand it their specific contribution to brain function.

neuroscience and the pharmaceutical industry is also built on the modular model.A computational literary theory: the ultimate products of the brain/mind machine.

Modeling the brain with computers

Published in: ebook Book: Ebook should be computed to understand and model brain function? Pages 43 - 51 World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. River Edge, NJ, USA © What should be computed to understand and model brain function?

table of contents: EditorCited by: 1.